Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a healthy kidney from a donor is
transplanted into a recipient who has kidney failure or end-stage renal disease. The
transplanted kidney takes over the function of the recipien failed kidneys, allowing them
to live a more normal life.
The donor kidney can come from a living donor, such as a family member or friend who is a
suitable match, or from a deceased donor whose organs have been donated for
transplantation. The recipient is usually carefully screened to ensure that they are a suitable
candidate for the transplant and to reduce the risk of rejection.
The surgery typically takes several hours and involves the placement of the new kidney in
the lower abdomen, connected to the recipient blood vessels and bladder. After the
surgery, the patient will need to take medications to prevent rejection of the transplanted
kidney and to manage any potential side effects of the medications.
Successful kidney transplantation can provide a range of benefits, including improved
quality of life, reduced dependence on dialysis, and increased life expectancy. However, the
procedure does carry some risks, including the risk of complications during or after surgery,
the risk of rejection, and the need for ongoing monitoring and management of the